北京师范大学网络教育 英语(二)机考复习题库

北京师范大学网络教育

英语(二)机考复习题库

一、词汇与语法(每小题1分)。

  1. Most cars______  display are new products.

A.on            B.in            C.under         D.of

标准答案  A

 

  1. They went into the meeting room,______  they had a break.

A.in it                     B.in that

C.in there               D.in which

标准答案ºD

 

  1. ______  rich one may be, there is always something one wants.

A.Whatever      B.However       C.Wherever      D.Whenever

标准答案B

 

  1. The new secretary is supposed to report the manager as soon as she______ .

A.will arrive

B.arrives

C.is going to arrive

D.is arriving

标准答案B

 

  1. Does______  matter if we can’t finish this job on time?

A.its           B.it            C.this          D.that

标准答案:B

 

  1. Good medicine______  to the mouth.

A.tastes bitter

B.tastes bitterly

C.is tasted bitter

D.is tasted bitterly.

标准答案A

 

  1. There is no peace______  men are greedy.

A.where         B.when          C.which         D.what

标准答案A

 

  1. It was______  I caught a cold.

A.such cold a day yesterday that

B.such s cold day yesterday

C.so cold a day yesterday that

D.so a cold day yesterday

标准答案C

 

  1. You______  have brought your camera. They all had theirs with them.

A.couldn’t     B.needn’t      C.wouldn’t     D.mustn’t

标准答案B

 

  1. Without electricity, human life______  quite different today.

A.would be

B.will be

C.would have been

D.is

标准答案A

 

  1. It’s still a puzzle______  he became rich overnight.

A.what          B.that          C.how           D.which

标准答案C

 

  1. I’ll start early,______  I over sleep.

A.however       B.unless        C.whether       D.if

标准答案D

 

  1. I’ll keep my business going,______  I have to sell my house.

A.until                    B.if

C.even if                D.before

标准答案C

 

  1. It’s known by everyone that______  horse is______  useful animal.

A.a; an                  B.the; the

C./; a                     D.a; a

标准答案D

 

  1. ______  of the students admired this young English teacher.

A.Every one                  B.Everyone

C.Anyone                      D.Each one

标准答案A

 

  1. This is the most interesting film______  I have ever seen this year.

A.it            B.that          C.this          D.which

标准答案B

 

  1. The population of this city is______  that of ours.

A.twice as much as

B.twice as large as

C.as twice much as

D.as twice large as

标准答案B

 

  1. John was made______  the piano so much that, at times, he thought about giving up.

A.practise

B.practicing

C.to practise

D.to be practised

标准答案C

 

  1. He received the order______  he should come back______  the noon.

A./; during              B.that; by

C.which; at              D.when; in

标准答案B

 

  1. The weather seems as if it______  summer already.

A.was           B.are           C.is            D.were

标准答案D

 

  1. Tom ran to the railway station, only______  the train has already left.

A.found                       B.finding                     C.to find                      D.find

标准答案C

 

  1. —What can you see in this picture?

—I can see __________ elephant.

A.a             B.an            C.the           D./

标准答案B

 

  1. I don’t know______  to laugh or to cry______  it happens again.

A.whether; if            B.if; whether

C.whether; whether       D.if; if

标准答案A

 

  1. You______  try it again if you fail this time.

A.would best             B.would better

C.had best                 D.had better

标准答案D

  1. It was______  impossible for her to finish this job all by herself.

A.quite         B.very          C.two           D.much

标准答案A

 

  1. The plan was in______ just because few people were willing to cooperate.

A.ruins         B.pieces        C.danger        D.trouble

标准答案A

 

  1. The fire happened______  this morning.

A.on                          B.in

C.under______                 D.of

标准答案B

 

  1. The waste gas the factory near by sends off______  terrible.

A.fells         B.tastes        C.smells        D.looks

标准答案C

 

  1. I earned 30 dollars______  day as______  supermarket cashier on this summer vocation

A.a; an                  B.the; a

C.a; a                   D.a; the

标准答案C

 

  1. Returning home, Jim found the back door open and something______ .

A.to steal               B.to be stolen

C.stealing                    D.stolen

标准答案D

31.The uniforms were divided_______  according to the age and size of the students.

A.equally                     B.sufficiently

C.proportionately        D.adequately

标准答案C

 

  1. 3  Could you repeat what you have said just now? I didn’t_______ .

A.go on                   B.keep on

C.catch on               D.insist on

标准答案C

 

  1. 3  If a baby bird stays _______ for two or three weeks after leaving the nest, it has a fair chance of becoming an adult.

A.living        B.lively        C.alive         D.live

标准答案C

 

  1. 3  —How can I use it?

—Well, look at        , please.

A.explanations                B.expressions

C.instructions                 D.introductions

标准答案C

 

  1. 3  I can see a boy in this picture, but I can’t _______ who he is.

A.make out               B.get across

C.look out                D.take after

标准答案A

 

  1. 3  —How do you know that Tom is telling a lie?

—His eyes have given him        .

A.up            B.away          C.out           D.off

标准答案B

 

  1. 3  Deserts, dry areas with_______  no vegetation (植被), cover more than one-third of the earth’s land surface.

A.surprisingly                  B.eventually

C.permanently                 D.virtually

标准答案D

 

  1. 3  I broke my relationship with Jonathan because he always found_______  with me.

A.error         B.mistake       C.fault         D.failure

标准答案C

 

  1. 3  The head office of the bank is in Shanghai, but it has_______  all over the country.

A.branches      B.bases         C.boards        D.businesses

标准答案A

 

  1. 4  As he finished his speech, the audience burst _______ thunderous applause.

A.in            B.into          C.out           D.upon

标准答案B

 

  1. 4  William_______  like a perfect gentleman.

A.blames        B.behaves       C.does          D.betrays

标准答案B

 

  1. 4  We are _______ making a schedule for the sports meeting.

A.planning                    B.considering

C.thinking                    D.supposing

标准答案B

 

  1. 4  On the way home, Bill was_______  in a storm and got all wet.

A.got           B.caught        C.held          D.grasped

标准答案B

 

  1. 4  What she has in mind is beyond_______ . No one can tell what she will do next.

A.imagination                 B.control

C.description                 D.belief

标准答案A

 

  1. 4  Companies must consider how they_______  data so that their employees can find it quickly.

A.classify      B.recognize     C.store         D.accumulate

标准答案A

 

  1. 4  _______ you are free, why not go shopping with us?

A.Because       B.Since         C.As            D.For

标准答案B

 

  1. 4  His heart_______  so fast that he could hardly breathe.

A.beat          B.hit           C.strike        D.struck

标准答案A

 

  1. 4  The boy got into the _______ of jogging in the morning when he was a student.

A.tradition     B.habit         C.use           D.custom

标准答案B

 

  1. 4  The bottle_______  500 milliliters.

A.is            B.refers        C.covers        D.contains

标准答案D

 

  1. 5  _______, do you know where is Tom?

A.On the way        B.In the way

C.By the way        D.In a way

标准答案C

 

  1. 5  My car_______  on the freeway last night.

A.broke down          B.broke out

C.broke up               D.broke in

标准答案A

 

  1. 5  She planned to go to France to study French, but that is _______ now.

A.out of question

B.out of the question

C.in question

D.in the question

标准答案B

 

  1. 5  It makes no_______  whether you go with us or not.

A.means         B.suggestion    C.difference    D.idea

标准答案C

 

  1. 5  Only ticket-holders were to the stadium for the concert, so hundreds of people were turned away.

A.allowed       B.asked         C.agreed        D.admitted

标准答案D

  1. 5  You can go with him on _______ that you will come home tonight.

A.account       B.purpose       C.condition     D.situation

标准答案C

 

  1. 5  This novel is so instructive that it is_______  worth reading twice.

A.very          B.quite         C.rather        D.well

标准答案D

 

  1. 5  The bell had_______  rung than the students quieted down.

A.when                         B.hardly

C.no sooner                 D.once

标准答案C

 

  1. 5  I’m afraid I will have to_______  her invitation to the party.

A.refuse        B.refute        C.ignore        D.decline

标准答案D

 

  1. 5  —I’d like to take a two-day holiday.

       , we’re too busy.

A.Don’t worry

B.Don’t mention it

C.Forget it

D.Pardon me

标准答案C

 

  1. 6  He heard nothing _______this matter.

A.concerned     B.conception    C.concerning    D.revealing

标准答案C

 

  1. 6 The workers have built a lot of new houses in Shanghai .
  2. in the past ten years B. for ten years
  3. last year D. ten years ago

标准答案:A

 

  1. 62. Mother was out. I look after my little brother.
  2. have to B. mustn’t C. need   D. had to

标准答案:D

 

  1. 63. I met a friend of
  2. Dick’s mother B. Dick mother     C. Dick mother’s    D. Dick’s mother’s

标准答案:D

 

  1. 64. If you need any money, I’ll lend you .
  2. one B. it C. those D. some

标准答案:D

 

  1. 65. The population of China is larger than of Japan.
  2. one B. those C. that D. these

标准答案:C

 

  1. 66. I carry only enough money to make change for a
  2. tens-dollar B. ten-dollar C. ten-dollars D. tens-dollars

标准答案:B

 

  1. 67. Last summer I took a course on .
  2. how to make dresses B. how dresses to make
  3. how to be made dresses D. how dresses to be made

标准答案:A

 

  1. 68. Don’t be too about things you are not supposed to know.
  2. strange B. amusing C. curious D. conscious

标准答案:C

 

  1. 69. The water will be further polluted unless some measures  .
  2. will be taken B. are taken C. were taken D. had been taken

标准答案:B

 

  1. 70. We have studied English for only one year, we can perform English short play already.
  2. for B. and C. yet D. or

标准答案:C

 

  1. 71. Early to bed and early to rise a man healthy, wealthy and wise.
  2. make B. had made C. makes D. will make

标准答案:C

 

  1. 72. Little about his own safety though he was in great danger himself.
  2. does he care B. did he care C. he cares D. he cared

标准答案:B

 

  1. 73. “Where the recorder? I can’t see it anywhere.”

“I        it right here. But now it’s gone.”

  1. did you put; have put B. have you put; put
  2. had you put; was putting D. were you putting; have put

标准答案:B

 

  1. 74. Police officers working on the murder have hundreds of families.
  2. asked B. researched C. questioned D. demanded

标准答案:C

 

  1. 75. Few of us thought that the problem was worth  .
  2. discuss B. discussed C. discussing D. to discuss

标准答案:C

 

  1. 76. She his number in the phone book to make sure that she had got it right.
  2. looked up B. looked for C. picked out D. picked up

标准答案:A

 

  1. 77. Julie has gained more experience than in her restaurant and the customers like her.
  2. any waitress B. other waitresses C. the waitress D. any other waitress

标准答案:D

 

  1. 78. She seems to be too short for a  .
  2. twenty-year old girl B. girl twenty-year-old
  3. twenty-years-old girl D. girl of twenty

标准答案:D

 

  1. 79. The room was so quiet that she could hear the  of her heart.
  2. hitting B. beating C. hurting D. striking

标准答案:B

 

  1. 80. what the situation would be like, they decided to keep silent.
  2. Knowing not B. Not know C. Not knowing D. Having not known

标准答案:C

 

  1. I  up early this morning, so I stayed in bed until 8 o’clock a.m. .
  2. needn’t have got B. didn’t need to get
  3. shouldn’t have got D. can’t have got

标准答案:B

 

  1. , the more you are aware of content and meaning.
  2. The more words you are familiar to B. The more words you are familiar with
  3. You are familiar to more words D. You are familiar with more words

标准答案:B

 

  1. By the time he was twelve, Edison to make a living by himself.
  2. would begin B. has begun C. had begun D. was begun

标准答案:C

 

  1. “Are you ready for your paper?”“Not yet. I need  to read through it.”
  2. other three minutes B. another three minutes
  3. three other minutes D. more three minutes

标准答案:B

 

  1. Although she was frightened, she answered with a  voice.
  2. quiet B. silent C. still D. calm

标准答案:D

 

  1. Tom told his mother he was going to go over his lessons but he went to bed.
  2. almost B. actually C. immediately D. hardly

标准答案:B

 

  1. that leather shoes are hand-made, the price seems reasonable.
  2. In view of B. Because C. Since D. Considering

标准答案:D

 

  1. I don’t think  possible to master a foreign language without much memory work.
  2. this B. that C. its D. it

标准答案:D

 

  1. you have done might do harm to other people.
  2. That B. What C. Which D. This

标准答案:B

 

  1. The boy his time between work and play.
  2. spent B. wasted C. separated D. divided

标准答案:D

 

  1. 9 good time they are having!
  2. What B. How C. What a D. How a

标准答案:C

  1. 9 Half of the money your brother.
  2. belong to B. belong C. belongs to D. belongs

标准答案:C

 

  1. 9 Thanks to Mr. Wang, he kept us to remember the important things.
  2. to ask B. asking C. to be asked D. not asking

标准答案:B

 

  1. 9 I don’t think the news you told me true.
  2. are B. is C. being D. am

标准答案:B

 

  1. 9 Mike knows the questions in English.
  2. to answer B. answer C. how answer D. how to answer

标准答案:D

 

  1. Of all the problems, thisone is of the  importance.
  2. great B. more C. less D. greatest

标准答案:D

 

  1. It happened to be very cold the morning of our sports meet.
  2. at B. of C. on D. with

标准答案:C

 

  1. The gate is too for a car; we’ll have to walk through.
  2. shallow B. loose C. broad D. narrow

标准答案:D

 

  1. In Hangzhou Mr. Green was so struck by beauty of        nature that he stayed for another night.
  2. /; / B. /; the C. the; / D. the; the

标准答案:C

 

  1. There are altogether fifty students in our class, twenty are boys.
  2. of them B. of those C. of whom D. of whose

标准答案:C

 

  1. Although he was so tired, he went to the concert with his friend that night.
  2. but B. so C. yet D. and

标准答案:C

 

  1. He finished his lunch very fast, because he attend an important meeting.
  2. needed B. might C. used to D. had to

标准答案:D

 

  1. I don’t trust him at all. His smiles always make me  .
  2. feeling sick B. be sick C. being sick D. sick

标准答案:D

 

  1. Not until Mr. Smith came to China what kind of a country she is.
  2. did he know B. he knew C. he didn’t know D. he could know

标准答案:A

 

  1. road out of town is good. But this one is better than the other.
  2. Both B. All C. None D. Neither

标准答案:D

 

  1. He didn’tknow what  while he was away from home.
  2. would happen B. happened C. had happened D. happens

标准答案:C

 

  1. His speech made deep impression on the audience that they could hardly forget it.
  2. such a B. so a C. so D. such

标准答案:A

 

  1. The computer center, last year, is very popular among the students in this school.
  2. open B. opening C. having opened D. opened

标准答案:D

 

  1. is a fact that English is being accepted as an international language.
  2. There B. This C. That D. It

标准答案:D

 

  1. Crusoe’s dog became ill and died, made him very lonely.
  2. as B. which C. that D. this

标准答案:B

 

  1. Will the  of houses and land continue to increase?
  2. worth B. value C. cost D. importance

标准答案:B

 

  1. It can take up three months to a man to do this work!
  2. guide B. raise C. train D. learn

标准答案:C

 

  1. Although he is considered as a great writer .
  2. his works are not widely read B. but his works are not widely read
  3. however his works are not widely read D. still his works are not widely read

标准答案:A

 

  1. Students sometimes support themselves by  of evening jobs.
  2. ways B. offers C. means D. helps

标准答案:C

 

  1. I asked him to me a few minutes so that we could go over the problems.
  2. spend B. save C. spare D. share

标准答案:C

 

  1. It rarely snows in the south in winter, ?
  2. is it B. isn’t it   C. doesn’t it D. does it

标准答案:D

 

  1. I wonder if he us, and I think if he         us we’ll be able to complete the task ahead of time.
  2. helps; help B. will help; helps    C. will help; will help   D. helps; will help

标准答案:B

 

  1. Dark glasses are sometimes worn to the eyes from strong sunlight.
  2. prevent B. care C. defend         D. protect

标准答案:D

 

  1. He as well as I  the suggestion you put forward just now.
  2. agree with B. agree to C. agrees with D. agrees to

标准答案:D

 

  1. They often  the scientist’s name, but they have never seen him.
  2. learn from B. hear from C. hear of D. listen to

标准答案:C

 

二、阅读理解(每小题2分)。

1.

Let us say there is something you don’t know how to do. In the past if you were determined to learn, you might have called friends or relatives, taken a night class or walked down to the local library for a research term. But now a host of websites are springing up to provide free practical advice on these subjects and actually anything else you can think of. In one sense, these “how-to” sites represent a part of the growing world of online learning. These FAQs (Frequent Answers and Questions), many of which still circulate (循环), took a special subject and explained it to complete novices. But, ‘how-to” sites take the FAQ idea in a somewhat different direction by addressing subjects that aren’t necessarily associated with discussion forums (论坛).These sites take the style of a written tutorial and a tone of friendly advice. Possibly the biggest and best known of these sites is learn 2.com(www. learn2. come)It offers nearly 1, 000 free tutorials and adds new ones frequently for a job interview. At ehow. com (www. ehow.)you can learn how to train for your first marathon, how to buy a vacation home, or how to make a movie in eight steps.

(1).The purpose of the passage is to ________.

  1. introduce new websites to netizens(网民)
  2. say how to learn new courses by internet

C. bring new means to learn something new

D. help you to solve any difficulty you meet with

标准答案C

 

(2). Comparing with the ways of learning today, the ways we used to learn before were         .

  1. time-consuming         B. time-saving         C. flexible         D effective

标准答案A

 

(3). The underlined word “novices” probably means ________.

A. people with rich experience

B. people without experience

C. beginners of “how-to” sites

D. hosts of “how-to” sites

标准答案B

 

(4). From the passage we may guess that ________.

A. a deaf person can teach himself at home by visiting “how-to” sites

B. “how-to” sites are specially designed for the disabled

C. you can just click your mouth at home to question anything

D. it is pleasant to listen to the advice on “how-to” sites

标准答案A

 

(5). If you have no tent when you decide to go camping, you may________.

A. visit www. learn2. com        B. visit www. ehow. com

  1. visit some site else        D. go to the tourist company

标准答案B

2.

AIQILE Bolivia — more than 80 people died and at least 100 were proved injured in the devastating earthquake last Friday, said Bolivia’s national Civil Defense Service director Luis Montero.

The earthquake, which measured 6.6 degree, hit this distant area of eastern Bolivia early Friday morning.

The small towns of Aiquile and Totora, some 620 kilometres and 645 kilometres east of La Paz separately had a bad effect. Both have been declared disaster areas.

Scores of people are missing, and as many as 15 000 were left homeless. At least 950 homes in the area have been damaged, and as many as 600 destroyed, Montero said.

(1). In the first paragraph, “devastating” means         .

  1. frightening          B. astonishing          C. surprising         D. destroying

标准答案D

 

(2). The centre of the earthquake is         .

  1. Aiquile and La Paz B. Aiquile and Totora
  2. La Paz and Totora   D. Bolivia and La Paz

标准答案B

 

(3). How many people suffered the disaster?

  1. About 180 people. B. A lot more than 15000 people.
  2. Only 80 people.    D. More than 1000 people.

标准答案B

 

(4). The title of the article is probably         .

  1. The Biggest Earthquake
  2. The Earthquake Hit Eastern Bolivia
  3. More than 80 People Died
  4. 950 Homes Damaged, 600 Homes Destroyed

标准答案B

 

(5). Where may be this article probably from?

  1. A novel.                  B. A newspaper.
  2. A comic book.           D. An entertainment magazine.

标准答案B

3

Long ago, in days of the Roman Empire, people used to believe a god of farming called “Saturn”. They believed that Saturn could make the weather good or bad, and that he had the power to control how much rain would fall.

Before a Roman farmer would plant his fields, he would try to get Saturn to give him good weather. He believed that if he killed an animal for Saturn, he would make Saturn happy. Then Saturn would make sure that the weather was good.

Not only did the people name a planet after Saturn but they also name a day of the week after him. They called this day “Saturn dies”, Latin words which mean “day of Saturn”. In English those words became Saturday.

(1). What was Saturn believed to be in charge of?

  1. Rainfall. B. The power of nature.
  2. Farming. D. Days in a week.

标准答案A

 

(2). Why did a Roman farmer kill an animal before planting his fields? Because         .

  1. killing an animal would bring him good luck
  2. Saturn enjoyed eating animals
  3. Saturn was happy to see animals being killed
  4. he wanted to please Saturn so that Saturn would make the weather good for his planting

标准答案D

 

(3). What was the correct order of what a Roman farmer did before planting his fields?

  1. observing the weather
  2. killing the animal
  3. getting his farm tools ready
  4. finding an animal
  5. offering it to Saturn
  6. waiting for good weather to come
  7. a,b,c,d,e,f          B. a,b,c,f,d,e       C. a,d,b,e,f,c          D. e,a,d,b,c,f

标准答案C

 

(4). Which of the following is NOT TRUE?

  1. Saturn is also the name of planet.
  2. The Roman people used to believe Saturn to be their god.
  3. Saturn was named for the last day of the week.
  4. Saturn had three meanings.

标准答案C

 

(5). What’s the purpose of the author to write this passage?

  1. How the Romans worshipped Saturn.
  2. Why the Romans believed in Saturn.
  3. The different meanings of the word Saturn.
  4. How Saturday got its name.

标准答案D

 

4.

“It hurts me more than you”, and “This is for your own good”—these are the statements my mother used to make years ago when I had to learn Latin, clean my room, stay home and do homework.

That was before we entered the permissive period in education in which we decided it was all right not to push our children to achieve their best in school. The schools and the educators made it easy for us. They taught that it was all right to be parents who take a let-alone policy. We stopped making our children do homework. We gave them calculators, turned on the television, left the teaching to the teachers and went on vacation.

Now teachers, faced with children who have been developing at their own pace for the past 15 years, are realizing we’ve made a terrible mistake. One such teacher is Sharon Klompus who says of her students—“so passive”—and wonders what has happened. Nothing is demanded of them, she believes. Television, says Klompus, contributes to children’s passivity. “We’re talking about a generation of kids who’ve never been hurt or hungry. They have learned somebody will always do it for them, instead of saying ‘go and look it up’, you tell them the answer. It takes greater energy to say no to a kid.”

Yes, it does. It takes energy and it takes work. It’s time for parents to end their vacation and come back to work. It’ s time to take the car away, to turn the TV off, to tell them it hurts you more than them but it’ s for their own good. It’s s time to start telling them no again.

(1). Children are becoming more inactive in study because         .

  1. they watch TV too often
  2. they have done too much homework
  3. they have to fulfill too many duties
  4. teachers are too strict with them

标准答案A

 

(2). We learn from the passage that the author’s mother used to lay emphasis on         .

  1. learning Latin          B. discipline
  2. natural development        D. education at school

标准答案B

 

(3). By” permissive period in education” (Para.2) the author means a time         .

  1. when children are allowed to do what they wish to
  2. when everything can be taught at school
  3. when every child can be educated
  4. when children are permitted to receive education

标准答案A

 

(4). From this passage we can conclude the following facts except that         .

  1. the author has learned Latin before
  2. the author disagrees with the let-alone policy of parents
  3. the children become more and more passive today
  4. parents should not say no to their children

标准答案D

 

(5). What is the main idea of the passage?

  1. Parents should leave their children alone.
  2. Kids should have more activities at school.
  3. It’s time to be stricter with our kids.
  4. Parents should always set a good example to their kids.

标准答案C

 

5.

Even if you are a good high-jumper, you can jump only about seven feet off the ground. You cannot jump any higher because the earth pulls you hard. The pull of the earth is called gravity.

You can easily find out the pull of the earth. If you weigh yourself, you will know how much gravity is pulling you.

Since there is gravity, water runs down hill. When you throw a ball into the air, it falls back down. Because of gravity, you do not fall off the earth as it whirls (旋转) around.

Then, can we get away from the earth and go far out into space? Now you can do it, because spaceships have been invented. Then spaceship will go so fast that it can escape the earth’s gravity and carry you into space.

(1). In this passage, the word “gravity” means         .

  1. the pull of everything.
  2. the force of attraction (吸引) among objects.
  3. the force which attracts objects towards the centre of the earth
  4. the force which attracts the earth towards the sun.

标准答案C

 

(2). When you slip you always fall to the ground because         .

  1. the earth always turns round.                   B. the earth has gravity
  2. the earth’s gravity is greater than your weight.      D. you are careless.

标准答案B

 

(3). Gravity is strong that         .

  1. it can throw a ball into the air.            B. it makes you jump only seven feet.
  2. it can let you fly away from the earth.     D. it can keep everything on earth.

标准答案D

 

(4). Because of gravity,         .

  1. water flows everything.            B. we can go everywhere by ship.
  2. water always flows downwards.      D. fish can live in water.

标准答案C

 

(5). We can get away from the earth by spaceship because         .

  1. the spaceship goes very fast.        B. the earth can’t pull the spaceship.
  2. the spaceship has a strong force.     D. the spaceship can jump higher than other things.

标准答案A

 

6.

Elizabeth Blackwell was born in England in 1821, and moved to New York City when she was ten years old. One day she decided that she wanted to become a doctor. That was nearly impossible for a woman in the middle of the nineteenth century. After writing many letters asking for admission to medical schools, she was finally accepted by a doctor in Philadelphia. She was so determined that she taught school and gave music lessons to get money for the cost of schooling.

In 1849, after graduation from medical school, she decided to further her education in Paris. She wanted to be a surgeon (外科医师), but a serious eye problem forced her to give up the idea.

Upon returning to the United States, she found it difficult to start her own practice because she was a woman. By 1857 Elizabeth and her sister, also a doctor, along with another woman doctor, managed to open a new hospital, the first for women and children Besides being the first woman physician and founding her own hospital , she also set up the first medical school for women.

(1). Why couldn’t Elizabeth Blackwell realize her dream of becoming a surgeon?

  1. She couldn’t get admitted to medical school.
  2. She decided to further her education in Paris.
  3. A serious eye problem stopped her.
  4. It was difficult for her to start a practice in the United States.

标准答案C

 

(2). What main obstacle almost destroyed Elizabeth’s chances for becoming for a doctor?

  1. She was a woman.
  2. She wrote too many letters.
  3. She couldn’t graduate from medical school.
  4. She couldn’t set up her hospital.

标准答案A

 

(3). How many years passed between her graduation from medical school and the opening of her hospital?

  1. Eight years    B. Ten years      C. Nineteen years           D. Thirty-six years

标准答案A

 

(4). According to the passage, all of the following are “firsts” in the life of Elizabeth Blackwell,except that she         .

  1. became the first woman physician.
  2. was the first woman doctor.
  3. and several other women founded the first hospital for women and children.
  4. set up the first medical school for women.

标准答案B

 

(5). Elizabeth Blackwell spent most of her lift in         .

  1. England       B. Paris      C. the United States      D. New York City

标准答案C

 

7

Are you thinking of writing someone a letter? Call instead. It isn’t that expensive, especially when you call during the evening, night, or weekend hours. In fact, you can make a ten-minute call anywhere in the continental United States for just $2.60.

For even greater saving, always dial direct, that is, without an operator’s help. Rates (资;费) on direct calls are lower after five o’clock in the evening and lowest after eleven o’clock at night. Collect, person-to-person, and pay phone calls require the services of an operator, and they cost more than direct calls.

Need to call out of the country? Now calls to many overseas places may be dialed direct. Check your telephone direction for overseas area codes.

Next time you have good news, or you just want to stay in touch, remember, a phone call means so much more than a letter. This has been a message from Southern Bell Telephone Company.

(1). To make a ten-minute call costs $2.60, if you are in New York and want to be connected with a person in         .

  1. Alaska        B. Los Angeles        C. Hawaii        D.  Mexico City

标准答案B

 

(2). According to this passage, when is a dial telephone call cheapest?

  1. During weekend hours.            B. After 5 in the evening.
  2. During working hours.   D. After 11 at night.

标准答案D

 

(3). Which type of call requires less money?

  1. A direct dial call. B. A collect call.
  2. A person-to-person call. D. A call from a pay phone.

标准答案A

 

(4). What should one do in order to make an overseas call?

  1. Dial the operator.
  2. Call telephone Southern Bell Telephone Company.
  3. Check the phone book for the overseas operator’s number so that he can help you.
  4. Check the phone book for overseas area codes so that you can dial direct.

标准答案C

 

(5). This passage is         .

  1. an article          B. letter          C. a talk          D. a dialogue

标准答案C

8

A superstar usually is someone who has become famous in sports, or films, or popular music, someone like the famous singer Michael Jackson.

One of the most famous sports superstars in the United States was the boxer, Muhammad Ali. As a young man, he won a gold medal in the Olympics as a boxer. Then he became the heavy weight boxing champion of the world. Before long, he was known as one of the greatest boxers in sports history. Once Ali said when he was a champion he was more famous than the president of the United States or the head of any other country in the world.

The word “super” means something that is good, and of course, a star is a person who is famous. So people use “superstar” to describe the top people in sports, films or music. But like the stars in the sky, a superstar disappears as time goes by. Many people, for example, know little these days about Ali or Jackson. Superstars are loved by millions of people today, but often forgotten tomorrow.

(1). Michael Jackson is famous for his          but Muhammad Ali for his         .

  1. films; heavy weight                    B. basketball; Olympic record
  2. songs; heavy weight boxing            D. voice; Olympic record

标准答案C

 

(2).We will call him a superstar if a person         .

  1. comes into power                     B. has invented something new
  2. is a very famous player                 D. is loved by millions of people

标准答案C

 

(3). What would happen to superstars at last according to the passage?

  1. They will become the greatest people in history.
  2. They will be greatest people in history.
  3. They will be less known as time pass by.
  4. They will live in the hearts of people forever.

标准答案C

 

(4). The passage mainly talks about         .

  1. how to become a superstar
  2. Michael Jackson and Muhammad Ali
  3. superstars who are like the stars in the sky
  4. the meaning of the two words “super” and “star”

标准答案C

 

(5). Except          , a superstar will perhaps have everything.

  1. lots of money      B. fame
  2. being respected by people         D. being remembered by people forever

标准答案D

9

A medial student had to read a text-book which was far too expensive for him to buy. He couldn’t get it from the library and the only copy he could find was in a bookshop. Every afternoon, therefore, he would go alone to the shop and read a little of the book at a time. One day, however, he was much surprised to find the book missing from its usual place and was about to leave when he noticed the owner of the shop nodding to him. Expecting to be told off, he went towards him. To his great surprise, the owner pointed to the book, which was lying in a corner. “I put it there in case anyone was tempted to buy it”, he said, and left the delighted student to continue his reading.

(1). The medical student       to buy the text-book.

  1. was rich enough                    B. did not have enough money
  2. was too poor not                    D. was poor enough

标准答案:B

 

(2). The student often went to the       .

  1. shop to buy the text-book             B. shop to read the text-book
  2. library to read the text-book           D. shop to read all the text-books

标准答案:B

 

(3).  Which of the following is true?

  1. One day, the owner didn’t see the student.
  2. One day, the text-book was stolen by someone.
  3. One day, the student bought the text-book.
  4. One day , the student found the text-book wasn’t there.

标准答案:D

 

(4).The text-book the student was interested in was put in a corner       .

  1. to prevent anyone from buying it
  2. because the medical student might take it away
  3. in case the student was tempted to buy it
  4. because it was a rare and expensive book

标准答案:A

 

(5). The medical student was surprised because       .

  1. he saw the owner nodding to him
  2. the book wasn’t in its usual place
  3. he had expected the owner to be angry with him
  4. he was about to be told off

标准答案:B

10

Millions of words have been written about young people in the United States. There are reasons for this interest in the ideas, feelings and actions of youth. Today there are about seven million Americans in the colleges and universities. Young persons under twenty-five make up nearly half of the American population. Many of these will be in power in U.S. Naturally their ideas are important to everyone in the country, and it is necessary for older people to understand what they think and feel. College students today have strong opinions about right and wrong. They are deeply interested in making a better life for all people, especially for those who have not been given a fair chance before now. They see much that is wrong in the lives of their parents. It is hard for them to see what is right and good in the older ways. As a result, there is often trouble in American families.

(1). Nearly half the population is made up of the young people          .

  1. less than 25      B. around 25        C. from 1 to 25      D. more than 25

标准答案:A

 

(2).What the young people think and feel are important to all the American people because          .

they are mostly correct

many of them will run the country as leaders

they have new ideas and opinions

they are pioneers of the modern force

标准答案:B

 

(3).  The thoughts and feelings of the young people should be understood by          .

  1. everyone in the country                 B. the older people
  2. college students only                   D. most of the Americans

标准答案:B

 

(4).The students at college pay special attention to people          .

who keep their lives in older ways

who enjoy a tearful life

who are treated not in a just way

who have strong opinions about the society

标准答案:C

 

(5). Which of the following statements is true?

We have talked much about the young American people.

The young people in American interest millions of people.

Young American people are making a better life for themselves.

People have written many books and articles about the youth in America.

标准答案:D

11

An old woman went suddenly blind. She promised a doctor a lot of money if he could made her see again. “If you fail,” she said, “you will get nothing.” The doctor agreed.

The doctor soon discovered what was wrong with her, but he decided not to cure her right away. Instead , each time he visited, he secretly took some of her things. When he has taken everything he wanted he cured her blindness and set her a large bill.

Now when the old woman could see again she noticed that all her things had gone and she refused to pay the bill. So the doctor took her before a judge.

“What the doctor says is true,” she said to the judge. “but I say I am not cured, because I still cannot see any of the things in my house.”

The old woman won her case and the doctor went away unhappily without getting his pay.

(1). The doctor        .

was not able to cure the old woman

cured the old woman immediately

took quite some time to cure the old woman

refused to cure the old woman

标准答案:C

 

(2). From the story we may conclude that the old woman lived             .

  1. with her children                 B. with a servant
  2. next door to the judge            D. alone

标准答案:D

 

(3). The old woman refused to pay the bill because        .

she didn’t want to keep her promise

she knew the doctor had taken everything in her house

she didn’t know who had taken things in her house

there was still something wrong with her eyes

标准答案:B

 

(4).Before the judge the old woman said she was not cured. From the passage we know       .

the doctor didn’t cure her

what she said was not true

she really couldn’t see

this was because doctor asked too much money

标准答案:B

 

(5).At last         .

the old woman forgot her promise

the doctor didn’t get his pay

the doctor gave up the things he had taken

the doctor had to ask for less money

标准答案:B

12

A doctor was once teaching a class of medical students at a famous hospital in Edinburgh. An injured man was brought in, and he turned to one of the students and asked him: “What’s wrong with this man?”

“I don’t know, sir,” the student answered, “Shall I examine him and find out?” “There is no need to examine him.” said the doctor. “You should know without asking a question. He hurt it by burning it in the fire. You see that his trousers leg is burned away at the knee. This is Monday morning. Yesterday was fine, but on Saturday the roads were wet and muddy. The man’s trousers are muddy all over. The man fell down on Saturday night.”

The doctor then turned to the man and said, “You had your pay on Saturday and went to a public house and drank too much. You got wet and muddy on the way home. You tried to dry your clothes by the fire when you got home. Because you had drunk too much, you fell on the fire and hurt your knee. Is that right?”

“Yes, sir”, said the man.

(1). Where did the story happen?

  1. In a school.       B. In a classroom.   C. In a public house.    D. In a hospital.

标准答案:D

 

(2).What was the doctor doing?

He was examining an injured man.

He was talking to his patients.

He was giving a lesson to some students.

He was operating on a wounded man.

标准答案:C

 

(3).  Just at that time         .

a patient walked into the clinic, supported by someone

the doctor was needed because someone got injured

some medical students asked the doctor such a strange question

a patient was brought in

标准答案:D

 

(4).What did the doctor ask one of his students to do?

To examine the patient.

To question the patient.

To take the patient’s temperature.

To tell him what was the matter with the injured man.

标准答案:D

 

(5). Actually the doctor was teaching his students       .

how to treat an injured man

how to operate on an injured man

how to get to know a case through careful observation

how to examine a man who has drunk too much

标准答案:C

13

Mr. Richards has worked in a small seaside town for about ten years and he and his wife have a comfortable house near the sea.

During the winter they would be quite happy, but every summer a lot of their relatives used to holiday, and it was much cheaper than staying in a hotel.  Finally one day in June Mr. Richards complained to a clever friend of his who lived in the same place. “One of my wife’s cousins is going to bring her husband and children and spend ten days with us next month again. How have you prevented all your relatives from coming to live with you in the summer?” “Oh,” the friend answered, “That is not difficult, I just borrow money from all the rich ones, and lend it to all the poor ones. After that, they seldom come again.” Hearing this Mr. Richards smiled.

(1). The relatives preferred to stay in Mr. Richards’ house because           .

is was near the sea

they might spend less money

they were more welcome

it was a comfortable place

标准答案:B

 

(2). The cousin           that small seaside town before.

  1. had worked in              B. had not visited
  2. had been to                D. had never been

标准答案:C

 

(3). According to his friend’s opinion, the poor relatives would stop going there so often because      .

they were shy to borrow money again

they were afraid to be asked to pay off the debts

they had been ill-treated

it wasn’t happy for the poor to meet the rich

标准答案:B

 

(4).The best title for this passage is         .

  1. Such a Clever Friend            B. Mr. Richards and his Friend
  2. Money is Important               D. Such Good Usage of Money

标准答案:D

 

(5). After reading the passage we can infer         .

Mr. Richards still complains about the coming of his relatives in summer

The friend of Mr. Richards’ hadn’t as many relatives as Mrs. Richards

Gradually Mr. Richards succeeded in keeping his relatives out in summer

None of Richards’ relatives came to the seaside town for their holidays

标准答案:C

 

14

In the past, when people had problems, they went to their families or friends to get advice. Today, it is possible to get advice from radio shows, TV programs and telephone hot lines, too. A hot line is a telephone line that offers a direct way of getting in touch with advisers. Most hot lines are completely anonymous(匿名的) — callers do not have to say names or telephone numbers. Most hot lines are usually free, too.

Callers do not have to pay for the advice or the phone calls — even if the calls are long distance. At some hot lines, the advisers are volunteers. Other hot lines pay their advisers for their work. Usually the advisers are professionals with years of education and experience, but sometimes, the advisers have only taken a short class before starting to work on the hot line. All the advisers listen to people and help them settle their problems.

(1). What do you know about a hot line?

It’s a telephone line that is hot.

It’s a telephone line through which people get advice.

It’s a telephone line whose number no one knows.

It’s a telephone line through which callers take a short class.

标准答案:B

 

(2).When people call the hot line advisers, they       .

often give their names and telephone numbers

generally have to pay for the long distance calls

usually pay nothing for most of the calls and advice

always try to get in touch with the volunteer advisers

标准答案:C

 

(3).  The advisers working at the hot lines             .

are not all paid

are all volunteers

are all educated and experienced

have all been trained for a short time

标准答案:A

 

(4). How do the hot line advisers work?

They do what callers tell them to do.

They listen to the callers and take their advice.

They give the callers advice.

They go to the callers’ to help them.

标准答案:C

(5). The writer of the article seems to think that          .

with hot lines people won’t get advice from their families or friends

hot lines are of great help to callers

people had better pay for the advice and phone calls

the hot line advisers will settle all of the callers’ problems

标准答案:B

15

William Henry Harrison, the president of the United States, was born in a small town. As a boy, he was quiet and shy. In fact, he was such a quiet boy that everyone thought he was stupid. The people of the town liked to play him tricks. For example, they often put a nickel and a dime before him and then they all laughed at him.

One day, a woman took pity on him. She asked, “Why do you never choose a dime and always choose a nickel instead? Do you know that a nickel is worth much less than a dime?”

“Of course, I know it,” William answered slowly. “But if I choose the dime, they won’t play the trick on me any more.”

(1). The reason William always chose the nickel was that            .

  1. he was so stupid that he failed to see the difference of the value between nickel and dime
  2. he liked it very much

C both A and B

D he could get another nickel next time

标准答案:D

 

(2). In the passage “to play him tricks” means           .

to laugh at and joke with him

to call him up

to play games with him

to make him look stupid and thus give amusement to others

标准答案:D

 

(3). In the passage “a woman took pity on him” means         .

  1. a woman felt sorry for him         B. a woman interrupted him
  2. a woman came to help him        D. a woman couldn’t understand him

标准答案:A

(4). The writer of the passage wants to tell us         .

William Henry Harrison was very clever indeed

the woman was very fond of the stupid

how they found the boy was stupid

the people of town made it a rule to laugh at the boy whenever they saw him

标准答案:A

 

(5). From the story we can see        .

clever people are either quiet or shy

those who play tricks on the others are foolish

some people are not what seems to be

it is wrong to cheat a shy and quiet boy

标准答案:C

 

16

Our eating habits are very important for good health and a strong body. There are times when most of us would have sweets and ice-cream rather than eat meat and rice. Sweets and ice-cream are not bad for the stomach if we eat at the end of a meal. If we have them at meals, they may take away our appetite (胃口). It is important for us to eat our meal at the same time each day. When we feel hungry, it is a sign that our body needs food. When we feel angry or excited, we may not want to eat. A long time ago, in England , some judges used to decide whether a man was telling the truth by giving him some dry bread. If the man could not swallow the bread it was a sign that he was not telling the truth. Although this seems very strange and rather foolish, it is indeed an excellent way of finding out the truth. A man who is worrying about something has difficulty in swallowing anything dry. Because he is worried, he loses his appetite and does not want to eat.

(1). Why do we have to form good eating habits?

Because we want to eat more.

Because we enjoy our meal.

Because we want to save time.

Because we want to keep fit.

标准答案:D

 

(2).When do you think it is good to eat sweets and ice-cream according to the passage? A. When we are happy.

  1. When we have a good appetite.
  2. After a meal.
  3. Before a meal.

标准答案:C

 

(3). The word “swallow” means          .

take into the stomach through the throat

eat with difficulty

break with the teeth before taking in

drink like a fish

标准答案:A

 

(4). When does the writer think it would be better to have our meal?

When our work is over.

At the fixed time every day.

When we feel happy.

When every family member is home.

标准答案:B

 

(5). What could a man do if he told a lie according to some judges in old England?

A  He could eat a lot of food.

  1. He could hardly need any food.
  2. He could swallow some dry bread easily.
  3. He could not swallow any dry bread.

标准答案:D

 

 

三、完形填空(每小题1分)

1.

A lecturer was giving a lecture on stress management. He raised a glass of water and asked the audience, “   1    heavy do you think this glass of water is?” The audience’s answers    2  from 20g to 500g.

It does not depend on its weight. It depends on    3    you hold it. If I hold it for a minute, It is OK. If I hold it for an hour, I will have a (n)    4    in my right arm. If I hold it for a day you will have to call an ambulance. It is the exact same weight, but the longer I hold it, the    5  it becomes.

If we carry our burdens all the time,    6   , we will not be able to carry on, the burden becoming increasingly heavier.    7    you have to do is to put the glass down, rest for a while   before holding it up again.

We have to    8    the burden from time to time, so that we can be refreshed and are able    to carry on. So before you return home from work tonight, put the burden of work down. Don’t carry it back home. You can    9    tomorrow. Whatever burdens you are having now on your shoulders, let it down for a moment if you can.

Life is short,    10    it!

(1).A. What B. Where C. When D. How

标准答案D

(2)A. ranged   B. change C. came D. turned

标准答案A

(3)A. how far B. how long              C. how soon D. how much

标准答案B

(4)A. wound B. injure             C. cut D. ache

标准答案D

(5)A. bigger B. 1arger C. heavier D. 1ignter

标准答案C

(6)A. in no time B. sooner or later      C. on time D. first of all

标准答案B

(7)A. That B. What              C. How D. It

标准答案B

(8)A. put down B. write down C. note down D. push down

标准答案A

(9)A. pick it up B. get rid of it C. carry it up D. put it out

标准答案A

(10)A. have B. eat                          C. enjoy D. hate

标准答案C

2.

Researchers believe crying and laughing come from the same part of the brain. Just as laughing has many health advantages, scientists are discovering that    1    does crying.

Whatever it takes for us to reduce    2    is important to our emotional(情感的)health, and crying as the study shows that 85 percent of women and 73 percent of men feel    3    after crying.

   4   , tears attract help from other people. Researchers agree that when we cry, people around us become kinder and friendly and they are more    5    to provide support and comfort. Tears also enable us to understand our emotions better; sometimes we don’t even know we’re very sad    6    we cry. We learn about our emotions through crying, and then we can           7   them.

Just as crying can be healthy, not crying — holding back tears of    8   , pain or suffering  — can be bad for physical health. Studies have shown that too much control of emotions can   9    high blood pressure, heart problems and some other illnesses. If you have a health problem, doctors will certainly not ask you to cry. But when you feel like crying, don’t    10    it. It’s a natural-and-healthy-emotional response.

(1)A. it B. either C. so D. neither

标准答案C

(2)A. pleasure B. weight C. words D. pressure

标准答案D

(3)A. better B. worse C. healthy D. sick

标准答案A

(4)A. Instead B. However C. Besides D. Therefore

标准答案C

(5)A. interested B. exciting C. unwilling D. ready

标准答案D

(6)A. if B. because C. since D. until

标准答案D

(7)A. begin with B. end up with C. fill up with D. deal with

标准答案D

(8)A. anger B. hunger C. happiness D. calm

标准答案A

(9)A. turn to B. stick to C. relate to D. lead to

标准答案D

(10) A. fight B. accept C. strike D. hit

标准答案A

 

3

I’m not at all interested in traveling for pleasure, because I travel for a living. But my family always    1     to go away-to Europe, to America-we    2     went to Australia one year. My ideal holiday would be to do nothing at all!

I’d love to stay at home for four weeks-something I     3     do. I’d really    4     sleeping in my own bed, getting up when I wanted to. It would be wonderful to stay at the same time zone for a bit too-I’m always    5     and subtracting hours.

I’d spend my time    6     in the garden, maybe doing some decorating. I’d love to have more time with my children after school. Sometimes they only see me three times a week and then I’m usually ready to    7     a breakdown. I would like to    8     them out and have fun with them.

My ideal holiday probably sounds very    9     to some people.    10     for me it would be paradise.

  1. A. refuse B. suggest C. want D. ask

标准答案:C

  1. A. even B. still C. yet D. ever

标准答案:A

  1. A. usually B. never C used to D. am used to

标准答案:B

  1. A. enjoy B. consider C. begin D. stop

标准答案:A

  1. A. increasing B. keeping C. counting D. adding

标准答案:D

  1. A. for working B. to work C. working D. work

标准答案:C

  1. A. welcome B. enjoy C. forget D. suffer

标准答案:D

  1. A. put B. call C. take D. persuade

标准答案:C

  1. A. dull B. interesting C. new D. easy

标准答案:A

  1. A. However B. Even C. But D. Except

标准答案:C

4

One year Miss Wyatt decided to have a holiday in Italy. She did not speak    1     Italian, but wherever she went, she was fortunate enough to find people who knew    2     English to be able to    3     what she wanted, until one day she decided to have lunch in a charming little restaurant in a village    4     the south of Italy.

She had seen some nice mushrooms in the market of another village near there and thought they would taste very    5      , so when the waiter came to take her    6     for lunch, she inquired whether she could have some    7     for her meal, but she had great    8     in explaining to him, because    9     did not know the Italian word for mushrooms.

At last she took out a pencil and drew a picture of a mushroom. The waiter’s face    10     at once, and hastened out to the kitchen. A minute later he returned, carrying an umbrella.

  1. A. much B. a great deal C. a lot D. a little

标准答案:A

  1. A. certain B. full C. enough D. special

标准答案:C

  1. A. give B. get C. show D. understand

标准答案:D

  1. A. in B. to C. on D. outside

标准答案:A

  1. A. well B. nicely C. soon D. good

标准答案:D

  1. A. bill B. order C. dish D. check

标准答案:B

  1. A. meat B. dishes C. mushrooms D. apples

标准答案:C

  1. A. difficulty B. interest C. pleasure D. patience

标准答案:A

  1. A. she B. he C. they D. everybody

标准答案:A

  1. A. brightened B. astonished C. burned D. worried

标准答案:A

 

5

The benefits of exercise    1     be stored for long. They should be renewed each day. Astronauts who have spent long    2     of time in space know at first hand how weightlessness    3     to weaken man’s muscles. On earth when our muscles lift, push or pull, they work    4     the resistance of gravity to maintain the good condition and build    5     .    6     the removal in space of the resistance, they tend to    7     strength and endurance. That is    8     the legs of recently returned astronauts feel so trembling when they    9     take up the normal task of    10     the body’s weight again.

  1. A. can B. cannot C. may D. might

标准答案:B

  1. A. hours B. years C. periods D. days

标准答案:C

  1. A. works B. makes C. starts D. begins

标准答案:A

  1. A. at B. upon C. on D. against

标准答案:D

  1. A. strength B. strong C. health D. healthy

标准答案:A

  1. A. Along B. With C. As D. Though

标准答案:B

  1. A. disappear B. increase C. lose D. add

标准答案:C

  1. A. where B. when C. how D. why

标准答案:D

  1. A. second B. first C. last D. finally

标准答案:B

  1. A. holding B. maintaining C. supporting D. keeping

标准答案:C

 

本文采用知识共享署名-非商业性使用-相同方式共享 2.5 中国大陆许可协议 进行许可,欢迎转载,但未经作者同意必须保留此段声明,且在文章页面明显位置给出原文连接:大沈博客 » 北京师范大学网络教育 英语(二)机考复习题库

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